The UN has declared 2015 the Year of Soils in order to increase awareness about the importance of soil as our most essential ecosystem. Although, advocating healthy soils on the planet haven’t been on the forefront of environmental talks in the past, today the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAOUN) is spreading the word about how important healthy soils are (not just to food production) but in fighting climate change, water management, and the Earth’s biodiversity.
Second to the ocean, soil is the largest active storer of carbon on earth. Meaning that soil helps mitigate the effects of climate change and helps us adapt to it. Because of expanding cities, pollution, unsustainable agricultural land use, deforestation, and overgrazing the Earth’s soils are in danger and could potentially threaten the world’s ability to meet the food production needs of the future. The FAOUN hopes combat this possibility by promoting sustainable soil management, support effective policies for the protection of soil, strengthen initiatives in connection Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), and to advocate for soil information and monitoring.